Dr. Turkel has a commitment to the advancement of caring as a substantive area of study within the discipline of nursing as demonstrated through her research and scholarship trajectory. Professional colleagues recognize Dr. Turkel as a visionary thinker, a funded researcher, a caring scholar and an advocate for ANCC Magnet Recognition. Her research includes being co-principal investigator with Dr. Marilyn Ray on approximately $1,000,000 in federally funded grants to study the relationship among caring, economics, and patient outcomes. As a scholar in caring science, Dr. Turkel creates environments of caring by helping nurse leaders and direct care registered nurses see the benefits of nursing theory and the outcomes for patients and families. Her scholarly publication on the role of nursing leaders in creating environments for self-renewal has been referenced in academic leadership courses and by chief nurse executives working on creating self-care and caring healing environments in practice. Dr. Turkel has a unique ability to translate theory and research into the reality of practice for direct care registered nurses. Her first book, Magnet Status: Assessing, Pursuing, and Achieving Nursing Excellence was a top 2005 seller, and served as a reference for over 40 hospitals attaining ANCC Magnet Recognition. Dr. Turkel has been actively involved with the International Association for Human Caring for approximately 25 years and is currently serving as immediate past President. Dr. Turkel was inducted as fellow into the American Academy of Nursing in 2012.


Teaching: I teach undergraduate and graduate courses on-line or in the classroom setting and serve as a member of a doctoral dissertation.

Current teaching at Christine. E. Lynn College of Nursing

  • NGR 6110 Advanced Nursing Practice Grounded in Caring (Fall 2015)
  • NGR 6110 Advanced Nursing Practice Grounded in Caring (Spring, 2016)
  • NUR 3171 Creating Healing Environments (Spring 2016)

Research: My research activities are focused on exploring caring and the outcomes of caring within the practice setting on nurse, patient, and organizational outcomes. Recent research involves mixed methods approach to study re-admissions to acute hospitals and the professional practice environment within Magnet hospitals and non-Magnet hospitals. I have a special interest in theory based practice within the hospital setting and exploring the value of a nursing theoretical framework on nurse, patient and system outcomes.

My current research studies are:

  • Re-admission of Super-Users to acute care hospital settings
  • Professional practice environment in Magnet and non Magnet hospitals

Grants Awarded

  • Consultant, A liaison nurse model to transform the learning environment. Grant funded by National League for Nurses, March 2014 for $19,300.
  • Co- Principal Investigator, An Investigation Of Geographic Patterns Of Recurrent Hospital Admissions. Grant funded by Albert Einstein Society Research Grants, September, 2013 for $34,900.
  • Mentor, Patient Safety Fellowship. Grant funded by Albert Einstein Society Innovative Program Grants, May, 2011, for $35,000.
  • Co-Principal Investigator, Learning to Look Inside the Community: A Qualitative Study to Examine and Discover Successful Diabetes Self-Management Strategies. Grant funded by Albert Einstein Society Research Grants, January 2010, for $ 34,905.
  • Co-Principal Investigator, Patient Identification Practices: Examining Nurse and Physician Perspectives. Grant funded by Albert Einstein Society Research Grants, January 2009 for $33,600. 50% Contribution.
  • Principal Investigator, Advancing Nursing Excellence Through Clinical Scholarship. Grant funded by Albert Einstein Society Innovative Program Grants, May, 2008 for $34,000.
  • Co-Principal Investigator, Improving Cardiovascular Health Through a Community Based Nursing Project. Grant funded by Hugoton Foundation, May, 2001 ($50,000 for 2 years). Relocated before project started.
  • Co-Principal Investigator, Economic and Patient Outcomes of the Nurse-Patient Relationship. Grant funded by the Department of Defense, Tri-Service Nursing Research Council, August, 2000 ($429,255 for 3 years).
  • Co-Principal Investigator, Impact of Managed Care on Mirror-Force Readiness. Grant funded by Department of Defense, Tri-Service Nursing Research Program, July, 1998 ($141,137).
  • Co-Principal Investigator, Econometric Analysis of the Nurse-Patient Relationship I & II. Grant funded by Department of Defense, Tri-Service Nursing Research Council, August, 1996 ($198,473).
  • Co-Principal Investigator, Nurse-Patient Relationship Patterns: An Economic Resource. Grant funded by Department of Defense, Tri-Service Nursing Research Council, September, 1995 ($148,633).

Recent Publications

Selected Book Chapters
  • Turkel, M. (2016). The universality of caring. In M. Ray (Ed.), Transcultural caring dynamics in nursing and health care (2nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis.
  • Ray, M., & Turkel, M. (2015). Marilyn Anne Ray's theory of bureaucratic caring. In M. Smith & M. Parker (Eds.), Nursing theories and nursing practice (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis.
  • Turkel, M. (2013). Response to valuing, prizing, and growing: Outcomes reframed. In A. Boykin, S. Schoenhofer, & K. Valentine, Healthcare system transformation for nursing and healthcare leaders: Implementing a culture of caring. New York, NY: Springer.
  • Messmer, P., & Turkel, M. (2011). Magnetism and the nursing workforce. In A. Debisette & J. Vesey (Eds.), Annual review of nursing research, vol. 28. Nursing workforce issues 2010. New York, NY: Springer.
  • Nelson, J. DiNapoli, Turkel, M., & Watson, J. (2011). Concepts of caring as a construct of caritas. In J. Nelson & J. Watson (Eds.), Measuring caring: International research on caritas as healing. New York, NY: Springer. *research based
  • Turkel, M. (2010). Marilyn Ann Ray's theory of bureaucratic caring. In M. Parker & M. Smith (Eds.), Nursing theories and nursing practice (3rd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis.
  • Turkel, M., & Ray, M. (2009). Caring for not so picture perfect patients: Ethical caring in the moral community of Nursing. In Locsin & Purnell (Eds.). A contemporary nursing process: The unbearable weight of knowing persons. New York: Springer Publishing.
  • Ray, M., & Turkel, M (2008). Relational caring questionnaires. In J. Watson (Ed.), Assessing and measuring caring in nursing and health sciences (2nd Ed.). New York: Springer Publishing.*research based
  • Turkel, M. (2001). Challenging contemporary practices in critical care settings. In N. Locsin (Ed.), Advancing technology, caring and nursing. Westport, CT: Auburn House.
  • Turkel, M. (2000). Applicability of bureaucratic caring theory to contemporary nursing practice: The political and economic dimensions. In M. Parker (Ed.), Nursing theories and nursing practice. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis.
  • Tappen, R., Turkel, M., & Hall, R. (1997). Nursing in transition: A response to the changing health care system. In A. Moorehead & P. Huber (Eds.), Nursing roles: Evolving or recycled? Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publication.

Selected Manuscripts

  • Turkel, M., Marvelous, J., Morrison, D. (2016). Self-reported assessments of critical thinking among practicing medical-surgical Nurses. Medsurg Nursing, 25 (4), 244-250.  *research based
  • Turkel, M. (2014). Leading from the heart: Caring, love, peace, and values guiding leadership. Nursing Science Quarterly, 27(2), 172-177.
  • Ray, M., & Turkel, M. (2014). Caring as emancipatory nursing praxis: The theory of relational caring complexity. Advances in Nursing Science, 37(2), 132-146.
  • Ray, M., & Turkel, M. (2012). A Transtheoretical evolution of caring science in complex systems. International Journal for Human Caring, 16(2), 28-49. * research based
  • Turkel, M., Ray, M., & Kornblatt, L. (2012). Instead of reconceptualizing the nursing process let's re-name it. Nursing Science Quarterly, 25(2), 1-5.
  • Phipps, T., Turkel, M., Urrea, C., & Mackenzie, E. (2012). He thought the lady in the door was the lady in the window: A qualitative study of patient identification practices. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety, 38(3), 127-134.*research based
  • DiNapoli, P., Nelson, J., Turkel, M., & Watson, J. (2010). Measuring the caritas process: Caring factor survey. International Journal for Human Caring, 14(3), 15-20.* research based
  • Uplinger, N., Turkel, M. , Adams, P., Nelson-Slemmer, D., & Pierce, S.(2009). Development of a DiaBEATes nurse champion program. The Diabetes Educator, 35(5), 713-4, 716-8.
  • Atkinson, M., & Turkel, M. (2008). Overcoming barriers to research in a Magnet Community Hospital. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 23(4), 362-368 *research based
  • Turkel, M., Reidinger, G., & Ferket K. (2008). Building a nursing research fellowship program in a community hospital. Nursing Economics, 26(1), 26-34.
  • Ferket, K., Reidinger, G., & Turkel, M. (2007). Achieving Magnet Status: How research collaboration among nurses from different hospitals leads to Magnet success. American Nurse Today, 2(3), 15-16.
  • Turkel, M. (2007). An overview of the Theory of Bureaucratic Caring. International Journal for Human Caring, 11(4), 57-67.
  • Turkel, M., Reidinger, G., Ferket, K., & Reno, K. (2005). An essential component of the Magnet journey: Fostering an environment for evidence-based practice and nursing research. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 29(3), 253-261.
  • Turkel, M., & Ray, M. (2004). Creating a caring practice environment thru self-renewal. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 28(4), 249-254.
  • Turkel, M., & Ray, M. (2003). A process model for policy analysis within the context of political caring. International Journal for Human Caring, 7(3), 26-34.*research based
  • Turkel, M. (2003). A journey into caring as experienced by nurse managers. International Journal for Human Caring, 7(1), 20-26.* research based
  • Ray, M., Turkel, M., & Marino, F. (2002). The transformative process for nursing in workforce redevelopment. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 26(2), 1-14.* research based
  • Turkel, M. (2001). Struggling to find a balance: The paradox between caring and economics. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 26(1), 67-82.* research based
  • Turkel, M., & Ray M. (2001). Relational complexity: From grounded theory to instrument development and theoretical testing. Nursing Science Quarterly, 14(4), 281-287. *research based
  • Ray, M., & Turkel, M. (2001). The impact of Tricare/Managed Care on Mirror Force readiness. Military Medicine, 166(4), 281-289.*research based
  • Turkel, M., & Ray, M. (2000). Relational complexity: A theory of the nurse-patient relationship within an economic context. Nursing Science Quarterly, 13(4), 306-313.*research based
  • Turkel, M., Tappen, R., & Hall, R. (1999). Moments of excellence. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 25(1), 7-12.* research based


  • Smith, M., Turkel, M., & Wolf, Z. (2013). Caring in nursing classics: An essential resource. New York, NY: Springer.
  • Wolf, Z., & Turkel, M. (2013). Caring in nursing classics: Teachers' and students' resource guide. E-Book .New York, NY: Springer.
  • Davidson, A., Ray, M. & Turkel, M. (2011). Nursing, caring and complexity for human-environment well-being. New York: Springer Publishing. Received 2011 AJN Book of the Year Award.
  • Turkel, M. (2004). Magnet status: Assessing, pursuing, and achieving nursing excellence. Marblehead, MA: HCPro Publishing.


  • Turkel, M. (2012). Inducted as a Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing.
  • Davidson, A., Ray, M., & Turkel, M. (2011). Nursing, caring and complexity for human-environment well-being. Received 2011 AJN Book of the Year Award.
  • Turkel, M (2010). Advancing Nursing Excellence Through Clinical Scholarship. Nominated for the Hospital& Health System Association of Pennsylvania (HAP) Achievement Award Honoring Excellence and Innovation in Health Care.
  • Turkel, M. (2009). Finalist Research, Nightingale Award of Pennsylvania.
  • Turkel, M. (2008). Mentor Sigma Theta Tau Leadership Academy.
  • Ferket, K., Reideinger, G., & Turkel, M (2005). Developing a Nursing Research Fellowship Program in a Community Hospital Setting. American Organization of Nurse Executives, Orlando, Florida. Poster Received First Place Award.
  • Turkel, M. (2006). Alumni Spotlight – A Magnet For Nursing Excellence, University of Miami, School of Nursing.
  • Turkel, M. (2001). Research Award, State Level, Florida Nurses Association.


  • PhD
    • University of Miami (1997) - Nursing, Coral Gables, Florida
  • MSN
    • Florida Atlantic University (1993) - Nursing, Boca Raton, Florida
  • BSN
    • Palm Beach Atlantic College (1988) - Nursing, West Palm Beach, Florida
  • Diploma Jameson Memorial Hospital School of Nursing (1975) - Nursing, New Castle, Pa.
  • Certified Nursing Executive Advanced American Nurses Credentialing Center 2009-present